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What is Hydroxychloroquine?
Hydroxychloroquine, also available as Chloroquine, is a quinoline medicine. It is a prescription drug that comes as an oral tablet. It is available as a generic drug. It is also available as the brand-name drug Plaquenil.
Hydroxychloroquine helps treat or prevent malaria caused by the bite of a mosquito. This drug is not effective against all strains of malaria.
Hydroxychloroquine also helps to treat auto-immune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. It is related to a class of drugs known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
This medicine can reduce skin problems in lupus disease and prevent swelling in arthritis.
Hydroxychloroquine is available in many pharmacies. You can also order hydroxychloroquine online. If you want to buy hydroxychloroquine online, make sure that the drug is genuine and safe to use.
How to take Hydroxychloroquine?
Take hydroxychloroquine by mouth as prescribed by your doctor. You can also take it with food to prevent an upset stomach. The dosage of this medicine will depend upon your medical condition and response to treatment. The dose of children depends upon the weight.
Take this medicine once a week on the same day each week. You can take hydroxychloroquine daily to treat lupus or arthritis. If you use other drugs for diarrhea and antacid, take hydroxychloroquine at least 4 hours before or after these medicines. These medicines may bind with hydroxychloroquine which may prevent your body from fully absorbing it.
People should use the medicine for the full prescribed length of time, even if their symptoms improve quickly.
You may need to take frequent medical tests and vision exams while using hydroxychloroquine.
Taking a large amount of hydroxychloroquine may lead to an overdose which can be fatal. The overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, vision changes, seizure, sudden dizziness, slow heart rate, weak pulse, fainting, shortness of breath, or slow breathing.
What to know before taking Hydroxychloroquine?
Do not take hydroxychloroquine if you are allergic to hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine.
Using hydroxychloroquine for long-term or high doses may cause irreversible damage to your retina, leading to permanent vision problems. The risk of retinal damage is more likely in people with eye problems, kidney disease, or people who take tamoxifen.
Before taking hydroxychloroquine, tell your doctor if you ever had:
- heart disease
- stomach disorder
- liver or kidney disease
- vision changes
- an allergy to quinine
- glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
Malaria can cause serious illness in pregnant women. It may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, and low birth weight.
Tell your doctor before breastfeeding because it may not be safe to breastfeed while using this medicine.
Hydroxychloroquine can affect your blood sugar if you have diabetes. Talk to your doctor quickly if you have symptoms of low blood sugar.
Avoid consumption of alcohol while using this drug because it can make you more dizzy.
What are the benefits of using Hydroxychloroquine?
Hydroxychloroquine can be helpful for the treatment and prevention of malaria. It also helps treat systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the side effects of Hydroxychloroquine?
Some common side effects of hydroxychloroquine are as follows:
- stomach cramps
Serious side effects
- heart disease
- blurred vision
- hearing loss
- sore throat
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- abnormal mood changes
- hair loss
- muscle weakness
How does Hydroxychloroquine work?
Hydroxychloroquine works by killing the parasites that cause the disease.
Hydroxychloroquine affects how your immune system works which can be helpful to treat lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis.
Hydroxychloroquine works very slowly. It may take 12 weeks for symptoms to start to improve.
What to avoid while using Hydroxychloroquine?
Hydroxychloroquine can interact with other drugs you may be taking, preventing the medicine from working well. Drugs that cause interactions with hydroxychloroquine are as follows:
Heart drugs: Taking digoxin with this medicine may cause high levels of digoxin in your body, which may increase the risk of side effects from digoxin.
Diabetes drugs: Both hydroxychloroquine and diabetes drugs can decrease your blood sugar level. Taking these drugs together could cause hypoglycemia. Some examples of other diabetes drugs are as follows:
Anti-seizure drugs: Taking anti-seizure drugs with hydroxychloroquine can make these drugs less effective.
Malaria drugs: Taking malaria drugs with hydroxychloroquine can increase the risk of seizures. An example of this drug includes mefloquine.
Immunosuppressant drugs: Some immunosuppressant drugs include methotrexate and cyclosporine.
People should not use drugs that affect the heart rhythm because they could cause dangerous arrhythmias. Some examples of these drugs include:
This medicine may cause an allergic reaction, and the symptoms can include hives, swelling, and trouble breathing. Never take this medicine again if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it.
Alcohol: Drinking alcohol can damage your liver and affect how hydroxychloroquine works in your body. The misuse of alcohol can make the drug less effective.